TOXICITY IN HUMANS
including chronic and acute effects (lab animal effects in brackets)
neurologic damage, lung damage; enhances carbon tetrachloride liver damage
Carbon disulfide -
peripheral nerve damage, emotional instability, insomnia, lessening of libido
Chloroform, carbon tetrachloride solvents, incinerators, groundwater
Dioxins contaminant in pesticides, herbicides, technical products;
genetic damage, vitamin A dysregulation, liver toxicity, altered fat metabolism, chlorachne (skin cysts, scarring) thymus atrophy, impaired resistance to infection, breast cancer, nerve transmission damage
Ethanol glue, paint,cleaners ,alcoholic beverages
fetal damage, developmental delay, neurologic damage, cirrhosis of liver, zinc and selenium deficiencies; accelerates liver damage of chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and nitrosamines; interferes with body processing of styrene, xylene, toluene, methyl ethyl ketone, trichloroethylene, benzene
Formaldehyde solvents, printing, fabrics, mattresses, tobacco smoke, woodsmoke, foam insulation, particle board, clung damage, impaired memory & dexterity, immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions; asthma, rhinitis; irritation of eyes and respiration
Glycol ethers antifreeze, paint, glue, adhesives, sealants, caulking compounds, printed circuit boards, dyeing, inks
reproductive poisons, red blood cell damage, liver damage (in animals: fetal growth retardation, skeletal defects, testicular lesions)
Hexachlorobenzene cleaners, fungicide
immune suppression, reduced T&B cell responses
Hexachlorophene disinfectant, cleaning agent, soaps;
nausea, vomiting, convulsions, central and peripheral nerve damage, kidney damage.
Methanol glue, antifreeze, paint, cement, ink, windshield-
neurologic damage, blindness, lung and gastro-
Methyl ethyl ketone solvents, photochemical smog
lung irritation and damage
Methyl n butyl ketone solvents, glue, varnish
peripheral nerve damage, loss of motor control and reflexes, tremor, weight loss, muscle weakness
Methylene chloride pesticide sprays, gaseous lubricants, aerosols, degreasers, waxes,
heart muscle damage, heartbeat changes; creates carbon monoxide (in animals: cancers)
nerve cell damage, peripheral limb nerve damage; headache, cramps Pentachlorophenol wood preservative, packaging preservative, insecticide, metabolite of lindane & hexachlorobenzene.
possible genetic damage, suspected cancers; commonly contaminated with dioxins
Phenols disinfectants, insecticides, fungicides (especially citrus fruit), food additives, tobacco, marihuana, natural food occurrences, incinerators
nausea, vomiting, paralysis, coma (
Solvents (mixed) (usually some combination of: benzene, toluene, xylene, styrene, acetone, methanol, phenol, alkylphenol, dichloromethane) paints, glues, degreasers, thinners, extractors, dyes, industrial manufacturing, laboratories
brain, skeletal, and other birth defects; brain cell degeneration; panic attacks, impaired memory, depression; visuospatial and perceptual impairment
Toluene (methyl benzene) paint, solvents, carpets, plastic & rubber cements, white-
damages: menstruation, respiratory system, brain, reproductive system, verbal memory,
damage to cranial and trigeminal (nasal) nerves, liver; brain fatty acid changes; narcotic symptoms: dizziness, nausea, numbness, alcohol intolerance; disruptions in memory and understanding; cardiac abnormalities, heart attack
paints, thinners, solvents, gasoline, polystyrene cups, adhesives, roofing glue, building materials, varnish, cleaners, paper, photochemical smog, groundwater
lung enzyme damage, upper respiratory irritation, fatigue, headache, nausea; impaired balance and reaction times
Please Note: These chemicals are specific to particular products , but typically the more they smell is a quick indication that solvents and some of these products may be added.
There is no legal mandate to list ingredients on packaging so we always recommend sighting an MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) prior to use.
Also it is good to note all New Zealand manufacturers use ingredients listed by ERMA (environmental Risk Management Authority) Imported goods may not conform to NZ standards so always recommend buying Locally produced products.
List of Toxins